According to witnesses, several men attacked Mr Pchelintsev, 38, as he was getting off the train at Skhodnya railway station in Khimki on 25 July 2009.
“You won’t be able to speak up now for a long time,” the men told Mr Pchelintsev, after which they forced him to open his mouth and shot him in the mouth with a traumatic pistol.
Witnesses called an ambulance and Mr Pchelintsev was taken to hospital. He has undergone surgery but his condition is still serious. The assailants have as yet not been apprehended.
This is not the first time civic activists have been attacked in Khimki. In November 2008, local independent journalist Mikhail Beketov was beaten with baseball bats, leaving him disabled.
In 2006, unidentified people attacked Yuri Granin, chairman of the civic organisation, Grazhdansky Forum, and his deputy, Yuri Slusarev. Both were beaten with iron rods but survived.
Anatoly Yurov, chairman of the human rights organisation, Grazhdanskoe Soglasie, was attacked several times between 2006 and 2008.
In March 2009, Sergei Protazanov, editor of Grazhdanskoe Soglasie’s newspaper, did after having been assaulted. The circumstances of the assault remain unclear.
Mr Protazanov was working on an investigation into the various breaches and allegations of vote rigging during the local elections in Khimki on 1 March 2009.
Vladimir Strelchenko, mayor of Khimki, is suspected of being behind all the attacks on civic activists. He was re-elected as mayor in the local elections.
Mafia-like rule in Khimky